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10 Popular Roof Types

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While many people never really think about the shape of their roof, it actually has a lot to do with the character and personality of their home. While some roof shapes were popularized by the architecture of the era, like when flat roofs started gaining popularity in the 60s and 70s due to the modern architectural movement, many are dictated by the weather in a certain region, the stylistic preference of the architect, or the cost of the design. Read on to learn about some of the 10 most popular roof types across America.

1. Gable Roof

 A gable roof is a roof a child draws when they’re making a painting of a home. It looks like an inverted “V”, where the two slopes are angled evenly and meet up in the middle of a structure. There are several common variations on the gable roof including winged gables, cross gables, and box gables.

The gable roof is one of the most common roofs in America. It’s the simplest to install but has a ton of diversity due to the variety of slope options available. Many homes that have gable roofs look nothing alike just because of the differences in slope!

Pros and Cons

While a gable roof is cheap, easily ventilated, offers simple solar panel installation, and is a great canvas for exterior house design, it does come with some downsides. This roof is not recommended for people who live in areas with high winds and snow, as often even the smallest mistake in assembly or installation can cause the roof to collapse (in case of heavy snow) or tear off (in case of high winds).

  • Winged Gable Roof: The winged gable roof has the same basic design as a regular gable roof, but varies at the very bottom of the slope. Instead of continuing along the same slope, the very tips of the roof are winged slightly upwards at a less extreme angle than the original slope.
  • Cross Gable Roof: Cross gable roofs are normal gable roofs that have small outcroppings that extend at right angles from the base roofing structure. There can be more than one cross-section on the roof, and these are generally extended nooks with windows. The most common joinings are “T” or “L” shaped.
  • Box Gable Roof: To create a boxed gable roof, the regular gable structure is enclosed at either end. This emphasizes the triangle shape of the structure and makes the design a little more unique. Box gable designs often have additional embellishments and windows along the enclosed section.

2. Pyramid Roof

 Reminiscent of the ancient pyramids of Giza, the pyramid roof is shaped with four sloping sides that meet in a single point in the middle. Pyramid roofs can be one section of a much larger, multi-roof complex, but can also be used on small structures like a garage or pool house.

Pros

Some of the benefits of pyramid roofs include resistance to high winds, beautiful aesthetic, and lower energy bills. The aerodynamic shape of the roof is less likely to be damaged by extreme weather conditions, while the overhangs around the entire structure add shade that keeps homes cooler in warm weather.

Cons 

Unfortunately, pyramid roofs can be more expensive to install and replace because of the larger surface area of this style. It also has less usable interior attic space and can cause drainage and ventilation issues. This roof does not shed water well and is more likely to leak.

3. Hip Roof

A hip roof looks very much like a pyramid roof, but it has one major difference. Instead of the slopes coming to a single point at the top, the sides meet at a ridge that runs most of the length of the structure.

Pros

Due to the inward slope and added ridge of the roof, this style is more stable than gable roofs and is a great choice for high wind and snow areas. In fact, the slant of the rood forces snow to slide off easily. This style of roofing also offers extra living space when used in conjunction with a dormer.

Cons

Like pyramid roofs, hip roofs are a far more expensive option due to the cost of additional materials to cover all the extra surface area. It can also suffer from leaks because of the additional seems.

4. Bonnet Roof

 Bonnet roofs are very common in Louisiana and Mississippi, as they are influenced by French style architecture. The sloping roof juts out much further than a pyramid or hip roof to provide cover for outdoor porches and verandas.

Pros

The bonnet roof provides shade for a cool rest area outside the home, as well as extra living space inside due to the vaulted ceiling. The overhanging slopes also provide extra protection for the wall from water damage.

Cons

Because the two slope angles vary, there may be an issue with water pooling where the slopes meet. You’ll need to add extra waterproofing protection in these areas as an added precaution. This is also a more expensive roofing design.

5. Flat Roof

The flat roof is easy to identify, as it’s just a flat surface covering a structure. This style of roofing rose to prominence in the 60s and 70s, and it’s the most obvious impact the modern architectural movement had on roofing.

Pros and Cons

The flat roof is the easiest to construct and is generally more accessible. It’s also great in warmer climates, as it provides additional living space for residents. The biggest drawback for this style of roof is that it can often gather a large amount of debris that has nowhere to go.

6. Shed Roof

  Also known as a skillion roof, the shed roof is a single sloping roof that’s usually attached to a tall wall. It’s sort of like an angled flat roof or half of a pitched roof. Originally, skillion roofs were used for home additions and sheds, but with today’s modern style homes, they’re often the main roofing structure by design.

Pros

Shed roofs are super easy to assemble and don’t need as much building materials as other roof types. The steep slope makes it easy for snow and water to run off, which is great in snowy and rainy regions.

Cons

This is not a roof that’s ideal for windy locales, as the winds can catch on the slope much like they would on the sail of a boat. A badly designed pitch can also result in very low ceilings and cramped living space.

7. Butterfly Roof

 The butterfly roof is a very uncommon roof style, but it provides a very modern, elegant aesthetic. It’s meant to look like a butterfly’s wings in flight and is shaped like a very shallow “V”. It can be seen as an inverted gable roof.

Pros

The butterfly roof is ideal for tropical locations and it’s very eco-friendly. The style offers a lot of ventilation and natural light and the valley midsection could be used to collect water and funnel it to a rain barrel or other reservoir.

Cons

While water collection is great, it necessitates much higher maintenance than regular roofs and waterproofing is essential. It’s also harder to regulate the internal temperature of a building with this roof style and the upfront installation costs are much higher.

8. Salt Box Roof

 The salt box roof is a fascinating design with a very interesting exterior shape. It is a long pitched roof that is asymmetrical with one very long side and one short side. Sometimes home with this shape is one story on one side and two stories on the other.

Pros

This slore style makes it easy for water to run off, which is perfect for areas with heavy rain. The asymmetrical shape is also more durable in areas with lots of wind and rain, and provides additional living space.

Cons

This design inherently created slanted ceilings on the interior of a building, which many people don’t like. The building costs are also higher due to the tricky design and installation process.

9. Gambrel Roof

 To most, the gambrel roof recalls a barn or farmhouse roof, but this is not the only place gambrel’s are appropriate. Many Dutch Colonial and Georgian style homes utilize this design. There are two side and two different slopes in this roof style — the upper side which has a lower slope and the lower side which has a very steep slope.

Pros

With only two roof beams and gusset joints, construction is very easy and less materials are required. It also provides more storage and living space that’s available as an attic, loft, or garret.

Cons

Gambrel roofs look better with lots of windows, but this increases the chance of water leaks. This roof also is not recommended for high wind or snow areas, as the structure will collapse under high pressure. The gambrel roof requires regular water proofing and maintenance at all times of the year.

10. Dormer

 

While not strictly a roof style, a dormer is a common roof addition that is used to increase usable space and to create window openings. Dormers have evolved to work with many different types of architecture and have even been used on the spires of cathedrals and churches.

Read Also: Best Roof Design for Snow

Conferring with Experts

If you’re interested in learning more about your roof type or you need help deciding on a new style for your structure, consulting with expert roofing contractors, like Custom Home Remodeling & Roofing, Inc., is the best policy.

Must Read: Some Cost-Effective Tips for Your Roof Restoration

 

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Home Improvement

Choosing the Best Firewood for Your Wood Burning Stoves

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The warmth and comfort you get from your stove with green oak frames will require a smart decision on your part. If you want your wood burning stove to give off bright and clean fire, make sure you are using the right type of wood. It pays to know that different wood types have different characteristics and properties.

Hard Wood versus Soft Wood

Both hard and light types of wood can be used in your wood burning stove. But, each type can meet different firewood needs. They also come with advantages and disadvantages. Hardwoods typically come from trees that are deciduous have broad leaves, for example, Oak, Elk, Ash, and Beech. On the other hand, softwood is those that usually come from conifers like Fir and Cedar.

Softwood has a lower density than hardwood, which causes it to burn faster, while the density of hardwood creates a slow burn due to its slow flame. You need to constantly feed the fire when you choose softwood as your fuel.

Regardless of your preferred type of wood, day wood is the best one for wood burning stoves in Stockport. The wood has to be dry before you burn them. This is because fresh wood has a high water content of about 90%. Also, it is advisable to choose a wood that is seasoned for about 1 to 2 years prior to their usage.

In general, hardwoods burn longer and brighter than softwoods. However, it is better to season them for at least a year to get the best results.

Seasoned versus Unseasoned

Seasoned wood releases more heat compared to the unseasoned one. The build-up of creosote in seasoned wood is also slow. The appearance of seasoned wood is usually gray, but it looks white and dry inside. Almost all types of wood burn well when seasoned.

Unseasoned (or green) wood has the characteristics that are difficult to light. You also need to keep it burning, hence more wood is needed. The reason for this is that these kinds of wood has plenty of moisture inside because it has not been dried out.

The Best Firewood to Choose

The same amount of wood, for example, 1 kilogram, produces the same kind of heat. But they are different in terms of weight per cubic meter. The heavier woods have more heating value than their lighter counterparts.

Note that wood that is heavier is usually more expensive. You can always use both lighter and heavier types of wood. Use the lighter ones first, as they are easy to light, then put the heavier ones afterward to make the fire burn longer.

Here are some types of wood that is ideal for your wood burning stove. If possible, you may grow them in your garden:

  • Oak. It is one of the most in-demand woods in the world. It produces a good flame and burns steadily.
  • Pine. This type of wood burns brightly fast. Pine works well as fuel when used together with other woods.
  • Elm. This is considered a reliable firewood. It creates a slow flame and a long-lasting heat. Note that this wood has a high content of water.
  • Birch. It provides fast and bright flames. It is best to partner it with another type of wood that burns slowly.
  • Ash. You can depend on this type of wood to give slow-burning yet excellent flame. Ash has low water content.
  • Apple. It produces a slow and small fire. You get a good amount of heat and a pleasant smell.
  • Cedar. This wood creates a crackling and spitting fire due to its natural oil content. Its flames are small and last long.

Be Considerate to Your Surroundings

If you have a wood burning stove in your house, there are certain rules to follow to ensure safety. You must know what you can, and you cannot burn, as certain materials contain toxic substances, which are released when they are burnt.

Your chimney smoke is a determining factor whether or not you are using unsuitable or unsafe materials. Smokes that are dark, thick, and with a foul smell that does not only damage the environment, but can also annoy your neighbors.

Conclusion

Wood has been a popular option for fuel in many houses today for wood burning stove owners. You may use gas fires Burnley, if that is your preferred heating system. In the end, the availability of wood in your area is a big factor in your decision. You can always buy wood such as green oak and season them yourself.

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Why Outdoor Shutters Are Perfect for House Exterior

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Homeowners are always in search of the best home improvement techniques. It is understandable considering your home is the most substantial and most significant single investment you can make in life. One of the most critical areas to consider when improving your home is the exterior appearance. You need to consider outdoor shutters to offer enhanced protection to the windows while also adding a touch of style to the property. Of course, window shutters have been around for centuries but they remain trendy even today for many good reasons. If you have plans to improve your home’s aesthetics, window shutters will help achieve this and offer even more.

In this article, you will learn more about exterior shutters and the benefits they add to your home. Keep reading.

Exterior Shutters in Brief

Exterior shutters date back to the Greek civilization where they served to provide light control, ventilation and offer protection in that tropical environment. They eventually found their way in the Mediterranean and finally found their way to the Americas. While the use of exterior shutters is common in tropical areas, you can still use them anywhere else to improve the aesthetics of your house while also enhancing protection against adverse weather.

In most cases, they open and close over window openings though homeowners also use them to protect their patios. Whatever the idea you have in mind, you will find exterior shutters are versatile and you can adapt them to suit your unique needs.

Why You Need Exterior Shutters For Your House

There are various reasons to invest in exterior shutters as your next home improvement project. Take a look:

  1. Improved Privacy

In tropical areas, most properties feature wide windows to allow free flow of air, especially during the hot days. Having your window open will allow a cool breeze and maintain favorable temperatures indoors. However, you will have a big challenge keeping prying eyes out of the house. In some cases, your bedroom windows will have to stay out and this can be inconveniencing when your rooms face busy roads.

This is where shutters come in handy. They allow free flow of air while at the same time maintaining privacy. The shutters can open slightly to let in light and air without compromising privacy and this makes them better than window screens.

  1. Protection Against Adverse Weather

Tropical areas are prone to storms and erratic weather patterns and you need to protect your property. Window shutters serve an important role in protecting the occupants of the house during sudden storms. They also protect windows from hail and flying objects during such weather. The best shutters systems are easy to operate and you can quickly open and close them when you notice a storm approaching. They keep everyone inside the house safe and protect the windows from damage.

  1. Enhancing Aesthetic Appeal

Depending on the type of shutter design you choose, it is possible to give your house a stylish look. Even the most glamorous house requires some touches over time and window shutters can do the trick. Windows are focal points of beauty in the exterior appearance. By fixing beautiful shutters which blend well with the rest of the exterior decor, you will a dash of class to the property. If you plan to carry out some improvements on your home’s exterior, you need to consider installing exterior shutters because they have a huge impact and are affordable.

  1. Versatile styles

One of the best reasons to go for house shutters in your next home improvement project is because they are versatile and can work on any property. You have different materials to choose from including aluminum, wood, vinyl, engineered boards, faux wood, and Synthetic foam among other materials. Each of these materials gives a unique character to your home’s exterior. You can also choose among different shutter styles including:

  • Board and Batten (BNB): Give your house an old world and rustic character and work well on the Mediterranean, Cape Cod/Ranch and French Country homes.

  • Bahama shutters / Bermuda shutters: beautiful shutters typically used in tropical regions and are idea for Cape Cod, Ranch, and Cottage homes.

  • Louvered shutters: They feature angled slats and boast a refined look which is perfect for Victorian, Italianate, Federal and Colonial, Georgian, Cape Cod, Greek revival and Ranch houses.

  • Raised panel shutters: In appearance, they look similar to doors or kitchen cabinets and are common in Victorian, Federal and Colonial, Georgian, Cape Cod, French country, Greek revival and Ranch houses.

Each of these shutter styles adds a dash of beauty to the property. Whatever type of house you own, it is now possible to give it a new lease of life through these shutters.

  1. Enhancing Property Value

Most home buyers today look for homes with improvements. It is a sign that the homeowner cared for the property and they expect you have maintained even other areas of the house properly. Exterior shutters protect windows and the occupants and the home valuers will take into consideration this fact when assessing the true value of your home.

  1. Customization Opportunities

It is easy to customize window shutters to get the home decor you have in mind. Most of the materials used in shutter manufacture are versatile and easy to customize. You can work with a home contractor to tailor make shutters that suit your desired decor color and look. You can also customize the sizes and style to perfectly suit the windows. It is possible to get a more complete and appealing look for your home’s exterior decor using tailored shutters.

There is no gainsaying the importance of outdoor shutters for your home. It is the most natural home improvement technique to upgrade the appearance of your home, add a dash of style to the exterior, protect the occupants of the property and the property itself and of course improve privacy. When buying these shutters, go for a durable material which is easy to customize and choose a style that blends seamlessly with the rest of the property. Take all the measurements properly and if possible, call in a professional contractor to help you get the job done.

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7 Things to Know Before Building an Oak Frame Home

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Oak frame has been a favored home material in the UK for centuries. The best factor to consider with oak frame houses is the speed and ease of construction. It will only take you a matter of days to erect compared to when you are building with bricks and blocks. In this article, I will tell you the things you need to consider before you develop an oak frame house.

Why Choose an Oak Frame House?

Aside from the speed and ease of construction, there are other factors why you should consider building an oak frame house. Here are some of the benefits:

  • Eco-Friendly. Timber absorbs Carbon Dioxide emissions, something which is very helpful for the planet. CO2 emissions are quite high due to the increased industrial activities. The use of timber can help in decreasing the level of global warming. As long as we keep on replanting, the supply of wood can be infinite.
  • Natural Heat Insulator. Timber offers excellent insulation due to being sealed to prevent the moist air coming into contact with the interior. They are also quicker to heat as they do not require pre-heating. You can check Stockport fireplace for their variety that will help you with the heat insulation.
  • Not weather dependent. You can start the construction any time of the year.

Is Oak an Affordable Option

It doesn’t have to be all or nothing. Oak may be one of the more expensive types of wood, but in the long run, it can last for a long time as long as you know how to maintain the wood. You can always look for a place where you can get the oak to meet that budget.

Seven Things to Consider

With oak frame being a modern method of construction, you need first to ponder and consider your options. Here are the things that you need to know before you build your oak frame:

  • Ways of exposing the structure. An oak frame home, wrapped in encapsulation system, can be clad in a variety of materials. Some may still want the exposed oak frame on both the exterior and the interior. There is a way to do both, and you can check it with oak frame companies for the ingenious solutions.
  • Look for a designer with experience. Designing and detailing an oak frame house needs to have a designer who is well versed in the construction system. Look for someone who understands spans and bays, as well as the limitation of oak.
  • Oak does not need finishing. One of the appeals of oak is that it does not need finishing. Eventually, it will still weather to a silvery gray and oxidization makes the internal wood more honeyed which adds a much more beautiful view.
  • Shrinking is part of the process. Remember that wood does shrink, however, it will be best to let it undergo a natural seasoning process so to not weaken the structure. Careful detailing and design, plus the attention to the drying out process can minimize remedial work.
  • Steel can open up the design opportunities. Steelwork is often used to strengthen the carpentry. It can also help you in designing the frame or the structural oak beams much better.
  • You can extend in oak frame. This can be a fantastic option if you are extending your home; perhaps there is no other construction method which offers a more versatile aesthetic.
  • Oak frames need to be cleaned once erected. You will need to clean all the oak frames once the construction phase has concluded. You can use the method of sandblasting or the use of oxalic acid.

Maintaining an Oak Frame House

Oak frame houses are often admired for their beauty and for giving us the “homey” feel. However, you should be very cautious and aware if there are any problems present in your oak frame house. If you have any plans of repairs or alterations, always seek the advice of the surveyor or structural engineer who has a good understanding of buildings.

Timber!

Oak has always been a reliable source of building material. For me, the oak frame house can make you feel more relaxed and at home rather than brick houses. Not only that it is pleasing and is eco-friendly, but you will also get to enjoy a less noisy environment.   With just the right addition of a fireplace, it will feel like a scene in a movie. You can always check Colne Stoves and see what will best suit your home.

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