Have you ever imagined how easily you open a door, or the car boot does not fall on to your head? Gas struts are one of the unsung heroes that make our everyday life quite easier. It actually controls the speed of the moving object and even controls the force of the moving body. Struts are the type of gas springs that are composed of the rod, housing tube, and a piston. It provides mechanical assistance especially while lifting and supporting any device or equipment.
Three Essential Components of Gas Struts
Usually, gas struts are comprised of three essential parts:
- Rod is the structure through which pressure is applied to the springs. The rod is generally attached to the piston that controls the speed and energy applied to it while adding pressure.
- Piston acts like a syringe or plunger that pushes the nitrogenous gas contained in the housing tube. A Piston is comprised of some holes so that the gas might escape from either side of it. When pressure is applied through the rods, it causes compression of the piston which helps in escaping the gas filled in it.
- Housing Tube is partly composed of a piston and nitrogenous gas filled in it. In order to prevent the gas in the tube from escaping out, it is generally sealed packed.
Working of The Gas Struts
Till now, you might be clear about the contents or compositions of the gas struts, isn’t it? The complete working of the strut depends upon these three basic parts. The force acting through the strut is the difference between the total pressure applied to the piston and the pressure acting outside. In other words, the volume of the gas displaced determines the force factor.
The failure in the working of the gas struts mainly occurs due to the fact that it gets internally damaged. Overextension due to excess force is the major reason for the internal breakage of the parts. When extra force is applied to it, certain parts suddenly ejects out causing many accidental incidents and can even harm the workers
In many cases, the struts seem to be functioning normally without any defaults. However, this is not true. Sometimes, there are internal damages that are pretty hard to predict. Even if the struts seem to function effectively, once you remove the parts suddenly, it causes sudden ejection of the moving parts that prove to be harmful. Thus, it is essential to follow the safety steps and know the reasons for such damages.
Different Types of Gas Struts to Know
#1. Standard Struts: These are the basic types in which a rod is attached to the piston which is inserted in the housing tube filled with nitrogenous gas. These are mainly used in the adjustable chairs, cargo and travel trailers, recreation vehicles, industrial and agricultural equipment and so on.
#2. Adjustable Locking Gas Struts: A lock is attached at the point of the movement of the piston so that at that particular position, the piston is locked thus inhibiting further free movement. These are generally used in the hospital beds and furniture in order to provide comfort to the patients.
#3. Stainless Steel Struts: The stainless-steel strut is mainly used in the corrosive environments. This strut is also available in different types, and they are- compression, tension, locking and many more. Such types usually feature the release valve and are usually used for pharmaceutical, food and marine-based applications.
With the use of a gas strut like structure, it is quite easy to carry out various works. Major types of machinery are composed of strut-like structures and are available in different sizes. It is even customized as per the industrial requirements. It has played major importance in lifting and supporting different components.
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