Healthy growth of the baby in the womb, this is exactly what a mother-to-be and the entire family wants. However, the baby bump can go tough on the back of the mother-to-be. Almost every pregnant woman experiences back pain especially during the second half of the pregnancy. It has been revealed in several studies that around 50% to 80% of the pregnant ladies experience pain in their back. The pain can be acute and triggered by some specific activities and it might become a chronic back pain.
A lot of mothers-to-be report lower back pain during the fifth, sixth and seventh month. However, it might also begin in the 8th week.
Types of Back Pain during Pregnancy
Following are the two common types of pregnancy back pain:
- Lower back pain (also known as Lumbar pain)
- Posterior Pelvic Pain
Lumbar Pain or Lower back Pain
Lumbar pain occurs just above the waist and in the center of the back. This pain might or might not radiate into legs or feet of the patient. Prolonged postures including standing, sitting and repetitive lifting often can increase the lower back pain. Muscle tenderness along the spine also increases lower back pain during pregnancy.
Posterior Pelvic pain
The prevalence of posterior pelvic pain is four times the lower back pain. The mother-to-be suffering from this type of back pain experiences deep pain below and on the sides of the waistline.
What Are Some Common Causes Of Pregnancy Related Back-Pain?
There are multiple factors responsible for this back pain during pregnancy. These factors include:
- Increased Weight
- Changed Posture
- Hormone Changes
- Muscle Separation
- Emotional Stress
It is actually very important to gain the right amount of weight during pregnancy. Her body needs some extra calories. A woman gains 25 to 35 pounds of weight during healthy pregnancy. It is the spine that supports this increased weight. Apart from this, the healthy growth of the baby and weight of uterus is also increased. The pressure of this weight comes on the blood vessels and nerves found in the pelvis and back.
Center of gravity is changed during pregnancy which results in muscle imbalance and muscle fatigue also becomes frequent. These changes cause back pain and strain.
A hormone called relaxing released during pregnancy loosens the joints which is essential for preparing for the birth process. However, these hormones also loosen the ligaments supporting the spine. This also causes instability and back pain.
Changes in muscles occur left, right and centre during pregnancy. Rectal Abdominis Muscles, which we all know as abdominal muscles or simply abs are likely to separate along the centre seam as the uterus expands. This muscle separation also causes back pain.
Muscle tension in the back due to emotional stress is often felt as back spasms or back pain. Mother-to-be experiences more pain during stressful periods.
As prevention is better than cure, let’s see how a mother-to-be can prevent or at least minimize back pain.
Preventing or Minimizing Back Pain during Pregnancy
Back pain during pregnancy can be easily managed or minimized.
- Follow exercise plan approved by the doctor.
- Avoid bending over while picking up something. Squat to pick up stuff.
- Do not wear high heels. Any footwear that does not provide adequate support should be avoided.
- SOS (sleep on sides) is the best sleeping position for a pregnant woman. Sleeping on the back will increase the risk of back pain.
- Some mothers-to-be find support belts pretty helpful. Simply wear one under the lower abdomen.
- She can also visit a chiropractor for getting back adjusted.
- Take rest
Pregnancy Back Pain Treatment
The mother-to-be gradually begins to get pain relief naturally before giving birth. However, she should seek treatment in case it is chronic back pain.
- Heat and Cold
- Improving Posture
Heat and Cold
Cold compresses with a bag of ice can be helpful. She can also wrap some frozen vegetables in a towel and use it as a bag of ice. Apply a cold compress on the painful area several times a day for 20 minutes. Switch cold compress with a hot water bottle or a heating pad after two or three days. However, she should be careful and should apply heat to the abdomen.
Exercise can increase flexibility and muscle strength. Regular exercise will reduce the stress on the spine. Walking, swimming, aerobics and stationary cycling are some of the safest exercises during pregnancy. These exercises strengthen back and abdomen. However, the exercise plan should be approved by the doctor.
Some changes in postures while sleeping, sitting or walking can provide relief from the back pain. Stop slouching. It strains the spine. Sleep on side keeping a pillow between knees. Placing a rolled-up pillow behind back will help in relieving back pain while sitting at a desk. She should sit up straight with her feet resting on a stool or a stack of books.
The mother-to-be should talk to a counselor if the back pain is due to stress.
The pregnant lady should consult with her doctor and if her doctor recommends, she can consider chiropractic manipulation of the spine. Chiropractic manipulation is of great help if done correctly.
This is a Chinese system of treatment in which the patient is treated by inserting needles into the skin at certain locations. It has been proven to be effective in pregnancy related back pain.
In case of severe back pain, the woman should see a doctor. Rhythmic cramping pains, difficulty in urinating, pain beginning abruptly and increasingly severe pain, the woman should see a doctor.
Wisdom Teeth Coming in Properly? 4 Reasons to Still Consider Removing Them
Anyone who has been to the dentist has had the wisdom teeth conversation. Some people need them removed almost immediately after they emerge. However, others find that their wisdom tooth come through without incident. Even if your wisdom teeth aren’t causing you any problems, it can still be worth it to get them out. Here are four reasons to consider removing your wisdom teeth.
Difficult to Brush
Your wisdom teeth are the most difficult ones to access. Due to their somewhat-hidden nature, it can be hard for you to brush and floss them. No matter how much you keep oral hygiene in mind, these teeth will inadvertently sabotage it.
Prone to Cavities
Since you can’t brush and floss your wisdom teeth easily, infections can happen easily. Bacteria from food and drink can affect your wisdom teeth and not be removed easily. Should your dentist find cavities forming on your wisdom teeth, it’s likely that they’ll suggest extraction. While your wisdom teeth might not be causing any pain at the moment, they could be causing long-term, expensive damage.
Harm to Other Teeth
Think of your teeth as being a team. If all the members of the team aren’t willing to cooperate, it can lead to some serious disharmony. Your wisdom teeth can cause harm to neighboring teeth if they don’t have enough room to grow. Even if things seem to be going well for the time being, a pre-emptive wisdom tooth extraction to prevent possible damage to other teeth can be recommended.
Prevent Future Problems
Just because your wisdom teeth aren’t causing any problems now, it doesn’t mean you’re completely in the clear. There might be a sudden sharp pain that’s nearly impossible for you to deal with. Wisdom teeth can feel fine for a while, only to become the bane of your existence. It’s absolutely important to keep your future self in mind when thinking about your wisdom teeth. Removing them now might take some time, but it will likely give you peace of mind when you don’t have to deal with any associated risks of keeping them in.
Removing your wisdom teeth is a decision to not be made lightly. When deciding, you should consider what matters to you. If you believe that your oral health might be compromised by keeping them in, then it would be best to remove them. Take your time with this decision and don’t be afraid to ask for help.
Am I Pregnant or Just Menstruating?
What can be more joyous than knowing that you are going to be a mother or you are going to enter into motherhood? It’s a completely different feeling of happiness to be a mother. Here I share complete information about going through early pregnancy as I ought, with more of scientific knowledge about implantation/conception/early pregnancy period.
It is the early stage of pregnancy in which the fertilized egg adheres to the wall of uterus so that fetus could receive oxygen and nutrients from mother.
Symptoms of implantation:
- Light or faint cramps.
- Mood swings.
- Lower backache
- Breast tenderness
Uterine adaptations to enable implantation:
Uterus becomes more vascular and rich in glands with boosted secretions. This takes place after 7 days of ovulation. After ovulation endometrial cells produce round cells which are known as decidual cells which originate from stromal cells.
After implantation deciduas remain at least for the first trimester of pregnancy and later on replaced by placenta.
Pinopods are bleb-like protrusions found on the apical surface of the endometrial epithelium. They appear between day 19 and day 21 of gestational age. Increased levels of progesterone changes the secretions from the endometrial lining of uterus to provide nourishment and to help in growth of embryo. Implantation is initiated when the blastocyst comes into contact with the uterine wall.
This is the time period in which implantation is possible.
The loose attachment between blastocyst and uterine wall is called apposition.
There is massive communication between the blastocyst and the endometrium at this stage. The blastocyst signals to the endometrium to adapt further to its presence, e.g. by changes in the cytoskeleton of decidual cells. This, in turn, dislodges the decidual cells from their connection to the underlying basal lamina, which enables the blastocyst to perform the succeeding invasion.
This communication is conveyed by receptor-ligand interactions, both integrin-matrix and proteoglycan ones.
Another ligand-receptor system involved in adhesion is proteoglycan receptors, found on the surface of the decidua of the uterus. Their counterparts, the proteoglycans, are found around the trophoblast cells of the blastocyst. This ligand-receptor system also is present just at the implantation window.
It is the further establishment of blastocyst in wall of uterus.
Implantation cramping is a type of minor pain that occurs when fertilized egg implants or burrows itself in the wall of uterus. When conception occurs, an egg is fertilized by the sperm in one of the fallopian tubes.
Cells start to divide and multiply rapidly within 24 hours. The fertilized egg remains in the fallopian tube for about 3- 4 days before it starts slowly moving down the tube to the uterus and becomes a blastocyst.
How long does the implantation cramping last?
Cramping is minor and lasts for only day or two. This cramping only lasts until the embryo is being attached to the uterus and once attachment completes bleeding and cramps are over.
Implantation cramps vs periods cramps:
You may feel a variety of symptoms that include cramping, spotting, aching breasts, dizziness, fatigue, and more. Some women mistake these symptoms for menstrual signs. The reason is that it is not always easy to tell the difference between menstrual cramps and implantation cramps.
There have been many women who were ready to jump for joy, believing they were pregnant. Unfortunately, their period began a few days later. If you want to discover whether you should jump for joy or be prepared to try again next month.
You must know and understand how your body normally acts before your period. Not all women feel cramps during implantation. Not all of us have similar spasms before period beginning. Knowing your body and understanding what you feel every month will go a long way in helping you to determine the nature of your sensations.
How does a menstrual cramp feel like?
Often such cramping feels as if your entire lower stomach is being squeezed intermittently. Other women may experience quite painful sensations. They are felt in the lower stomach and in their back. You may just experience bloating in the abdominal area.
Menstrual cramps are different for every woman. Some experience only a mild pain, which is bearable. The others cramp so badly that they are unable even to work or go to school because of this unpleasant and painful feeling.
In some cases menstrual cramps may include spotting before the actual period begins. Often this bleeding is bright red and very noticeable. It is usually not heavy enough to require anything more than a panty liner.
How does an implantation cramp feel like?
When it comes to implantation, it will generally be a milder cramping, that what you used to experience during your menses. Many women say that it is centered more on one side than the other.
For instance, if a fertilized egg is attaching on the right side of your uterus, the cramping may be more on that side, than the left. A lot of women say that it feels like a pinching or pulling, not like an actual cramp. It may last anywhere from a couple of hours to a couple of days.
If you feel that you may be pregnant and your cramps are caused by embryo implantation, pay attention to your feelings. These spasms should never be too painful. If they are really unbearable, you should contact your doctor because there could be a major problem. Especially, if you normally do not have extreme cramping before your period.
There are a lot of cases, when women do experience severe implantation cramping. Often implantation cramps also come along with spotting, but once more, this is not true for every woman. Sometimes such mild cramps begin days before bleeding is noticed.
Or on the contrary, you may see spotting with no cramps. Vaginal discharge during egg embedment is usually either light brown or pink in color. It may be barely noticeable on a piece of toilet paper and many women have it but never see it.
What does implantation feels like?
In some women however it remains unnoticed and in other women feel it like pricking sensation,
Pulling over the respected side or a tingling sensation.
When does implantation cramping starts?
Cramps and the overall sensations associated with the implantation; do not differ much from the regular cramping sensations. The timing can still be a sign. It starts 2-7 days before your period. This is the timeframe for the egg to attach.
Therefore, as long as you have light cramping, experience some brown or pink bleeding that does not intensify, and it is almost a week before your period, then you might be pregnant.
What are the signs and symptoms of implantation?
- Mild cramping and spotting 1st trimester
- Missed period 1st trimester
- Fatigue lasts throughout pregnancy
- Nausea 1st trimester
- Tingling or aching breasts start of pregnancy till the end
- Frequent urination lasts till the end of pregnancy
- Bloating lasts till the end
- Motion sickness 1st trimester
- Mood swings throughout the pregnancy
- Temperature changes 1st trimester
- High blood pressure 3rd trimester
- Heartburn throughout pregnancy
- Breast and nipple changes throughout pregnancy and start in 1st trimester
- Fast heartbeat 3rd trimester
- Pregnancy glow 1st trimester
- Weight gain 3rd trimester
- Acne throughout
What does implantation pain feels like?
Implantation pain is far less painful than period pain. If you’re used to restless nights or cramps that are so intense you have to think over. These cramps might also feel like stomach cramps. A few things to note about this pain that it is:
- Less intense than menstrual cramps.
- Short-term, with many women only feeling pain for minutes.
In fact, some women won’t feel any pain at all. Since only a third of woman will have implantation bleeding, most women will completely ignore the pains they feel as early menstrual cramping or indigestion.
After ovulation and at the moment an egg is successfully fertilized by a sperm, the embryo starts dividing and growing, sending out signals to a woman’s body to prepare for pregnancy. In turn, the walls of the uterus, called the endometrium, start to change. They’ve already been thickening throughout the menstrual cycle, but they’ll need to grow and mature even more to protect and nourish an embryo for nine months.
Anywhere from 6 to 12 days after fertilization, the quickly-growing embryo has moved down the Fallopian tubes to the uterus. It’s starting to need more nutrients, and the endometrium has filled in enough to support the embryo.
At this time, the embryo attaches itself to the endometrium, where it becomes reliant on a mother’s body for the first time for nutrients and oxygen. Implantation bleeding happens when the embryo makes its way into the uterus, which sometimes causes little blood vessels to burst.
When implantation bleeding does occur?
When embryo implants in the lining of uterus it then disrupts tiny blood vessels and burrows itself in lining of uterus. This causes light blood discharge which is pinkish to red and brown. This bleeding is known as implantation bleeding. This bleeding will arrive earlier then your expected menstrual date and is around five to ten days after conception.
Implantation bleeding usually happens about 10 days after ovulation, while menstruation normally occurs after 14. So pinkish spotting on day 22-25 is more likely to be implantation bleeding than first signs of menstruation (usually around day 26-27).
How long it takes to show signs of pregnancy?
It takes about four weeks to recognize that you are pregnancy. That means symptoms of pregnancy will show up after 4 weeks of conception. Some of the women can feel sore breast, implantation bleeding fatigue and mood swings before they come to know that they are pregnant.
How to recognize implantation bleeding?
Implantation bleeding is an early symptom of pregnancy which can be missed out to understand by many women, hence the best way to recognize pregnancy is the early pregnancy strip test. One third of women who report having experienced implantation bleeding often describe it as different from their usual premenstrual spotting.
Some say the blood is darker and not as red compared with normal period blood. Others have mild cramping at the same time as the spotting. Implantation bleeding is however dark pink to dark brown in color. Implantation bleeding lack clots. And implantation bleeding lasts from three hours to 3 days.
When to take a pregnancy test?
Some women aren’t aware of implantation cramps and bleeding and they experience pregnancy symptoms like nausea vomiting, fatigue, bloating and a missed period etc. It’s the time to consult your doctor or to take pregnancy test with strip at home.
This test provides accurate results after 10 days of ovulation before you missed a period. This test detects presence of beta HCG. You must wait until you missed a period.
Take a strip and dip it into the container with fresh urine for at least 10 seconds and take it out. Keep it for at least 5 minutes if red line didn’t appear immediately. If you see two red lines in area with white color that means you are pregnant and if one line appears you aren’t pregnant. Sometimes line doesn’t appear but you still have pregnancy symptoms then you must consult your doctor.
How do most of the women feel when they bleed during pregnancy?
As I’ve experienced, to bleed during pregnancy is alarming situation because not all women understand that it is a normal situation. But I recommend seeing your doctor if you bleed like this and never ignore it if it happens in larger amount.
How much implantation bleeding is common?
It is common among 20% of women means one out of five women face this. They face bleeding once in throughout their early pregnancy.
When should you visit your doctor?
- When you have severe or painful cramping.
- Bright red heavy bleeding and your pad become full.
- A rush of fluid together with blood.
How to get relief from implantation cramps?
These cramps cause discomfort. Try the following:
- Try to relax and take some rest, try to sleep.
- Take a warm bath this will help your muscles and ligaments to relax.
- You can relax also by putting hot compress over the areas of discomfort.
- Take a massage with warm oil.
- Get plenty of fluids to stay hydrated.
- Change your positions to be at ease.
When to be concerned?
When you feel severe cramping with positive pregnancy test. You should also call your doctor if your cramps seem always to be focused on one side of your lower abdomen (regardless if they are severe or not), as this is also a sign of an ectopic pregnancy.
If left untreated, an ectopic pregnancy can cause the fallopian tube to tear or burst, resulting in dangerous internal bleeding. It may just be gas or your uterus growing, but it may also be a sign of a miscarriage, placental abruption, ovarian cyst, urinary tract infection, or an ectopic pregnancy. Color, odour and texture of the discharging blood must be taken in notice.
Can I expect other types of cramps during pregnancy?
When during pregnancy body undergoes a lot of changes. Growing baby causes uterus to expand; ligaments and muscles stretch and result in some cramping. This condition is more noticeable when changing positions coughing, sneezing etc. and during second trimester round ligament of uterus stretches and cause cramps too. The pain is sharp, stabbing or dull backache. Cramping might be intermittent or minor.
Could it be anything else rather than implantation bleeding?
If you still have discharge and you aren’t pregnant then following might be the reasons:
- Hormonal changes that is not natural.
- Dietary alterations
- Vaginal infection (bacterial vaginosis, candida albicans, Chlamydia, gonorrhea)
- Make sure you don’t mix up implantation bleeding with the following:
- While noticing bleeding or spotting during pregnancy is a worst feeling because first thing that comes into your mind is miscarriage. Miscarriage is the loss of conceptus within first 20 weeks of pregnancy. But blood comes in gushes; blood comes out together with amniotic fluid.
- Sometimes placenta develops over the cervix which is called placenta previa. This leads to vaginal bleeding too.
- Sometimes during pregnancy placental attachment to the uterine wall is interrupted or detached which also causes bleeding. This needs to be treated immediately.
- Loosing mucus plug:Mucus plugs release and cervix opens leading to delivery. This too can cause spotting.
- Interrupted periods
Mucus plugs release and cervix opens leading to delivery. This too can cause spotting.
Being a mother or going to be a mother is a great joy; take good care so that you can enjoy your motherhood.
Most Surgical Table Accessories You Aren’t Aware Of
Surgical table accessories provide a number of benefits to surgeons and patients alike. Find out the top 10 accessories that every operating theater must have.
Surgery is one of the most complex specialties of medical science. However, the surgical accessories are as important as the skills of doctors, assistants, and technicians that perform a surgery. In this post, we’ll provide a list of 10 accessories for surgical tables that are absolute essentials.
1. Table Straps
Sustaining an injury during a surgical procedure can be dangerous and even life-threatening. OR Table straps or restraint straps are necessary to secure patients so that they do not accidentally harm themselves. These table straps are adjustable and designed for use with different surgical tables. They are available in different sizes.
2. Head support
3. Patient transfer devices
4. Table pads
8. Anesthesia screens
9. Knee holders
Like knee holders, stirrups keep the legs in position for urologic, gynecologic, and laparoscopic procedures.
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