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Hyaluronic Acid vs. Corticosteroid Injections: What’s The Best Option?



In the United States, according to the Arthritis Foundation, about 50 million Americans suffer or have arthritis. One of the most common forms that keep people in excruciating pain is osteoarthritis, a degenerative joint disease. Although this condition also has the tendency to occur in younger people, often, it affects as people over the age of 50 years and older.

OA or Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition and it causes the joints and cartilage between the joints to break down. In the body, the cartilage serves as a cushion for the joints and it helps to protect the bone surface. Without this cushion, the bones will grind together as they rub, causing swelling, pain, and stiffness.

Often, doctors recommend pain management physical therapy in Atlanta, GA, self-care measures or a knee brace to help the discomfort and the pain OA brings with it. For some individuals, doctors also recommend medications that relieve the knee pain. As a patient, if you continue to experience discomfort, have intense joint damage or swelling, your doctor may recommend some other options. You may also require knee injections or even a full replacement of the knee.

Understanding the Knee Injection Therapy 

Typically, doctors recommend this option before they recommend a surgery. For people who suffer from knee pain, good varieties of injections are available. For most people, these injections help to alleviate the pain they experience in the knee. Here is a breakdown of some the knee injection options available in the market.

Hyalgan or Hyaluronic Acid Supplements 

These also go by with the name gel injections. For knee pain treatment, experts such as those at Kroll Care inject a substance, hyaluronic acid into the knee directly to add the acid the body naturally makes. In healthier joints, this fluid tends to act more as a shock absorber and lubricant, to help the joints to work in a proper order.

Most people who suffer from Osteoarthritis experience a breakdown or lack of hyaluronic acid. These injections help to lessen the pain in the knee joint and reduce inflammation. Before injecting this solution, doctors remove a small amount of the fluid to make room for the new fluid. During the treatment phase, patients receive weekly injections, about 1 to 5 weeks, or depending on the use of the product. Hyalgan injections are available in gel or solution form.

Possible Side Effects

Although Hyaluronic acid supplements pose to be an effective treatment form, they do carry some side effects. The common side effects often include irritation at the site of the injection, fluid buildup, stiffness, swelling, and pain in the knee. Some less common side effects of the injection include:

  • Rash
  • Blistering
  • Bleeding
  • Itching
  • Burning
  • Nausea
  • A headache
  • Muscle pain

If you are a patient, you need to be aware of the possible risks and report these problems to your doctor immediately. If the side effects go bad beyond measure, you should discontinue their use and use other supplements.

Corticosteroid Injections

These are the next common options in injections for knee pain. Specialists inject these directly into the joint of the knee to alleviate pain and the inflammation quickly. This injection mimics the effect of the cortisol substance, one the adrenal glands produce naturally. When administered in high doses, they help to lessen inflammation. They help to suppress the immune system and control conditions like rheumatoid arthritis where the immune system attacks its own tissues mistakenly.

Corticosteroid travels quickly into the bloodstream and moves to the site of inflammation. The injection therapy helps to provide relief to the affected area and it is much more powerful than other oral medications for inflammation.

The benefits of effects of the injection depend on the condition of the knee, but the usual results last for more than six months. Other factors like the overall health, the extent of the inflammation also play a role in the effects of the injection. The possible side effects include:

  • Tingling sensation around the injection
  • Joint infection
  • Osteonecrosis (death of a nearby bone)
  • Temporary inflammation and flare in the joint
  • Nerve damage
  • Thinning of the soft tissue and the skin around the injection site
  • Lightening or whitening of the skin around site of the injection
  • Allergic reaction
  • Elevated blood sugar in diabetic patients

Which One is a Better Option?

Rest assured that both of these knee injections are better options, and they are viable options depending on the severity of the knee problem. Sometimes, doctors may recommend knee replacement as the final option, if nothing else works. Oral medications and physical therapy are also important as the first treatment option. If the oral medication is unsuccessful, then your next option is injection therapy.

Regardless of the knee pain problem you experience, it is best that you choose a full knee replacement or consult your specialist for more information on the injection therapy options. Your doctor will discuss the pros and cons, to make sure they make the best, final decision to give you instant relief from the pain you experience.



Automation is Coming to Dairy Farms with Robots Milking cows




agriculture, animal, animal photography

The rise of automation in agriculture and manufacturing, coupled with the constant drive to innovate technically, is an unstoppable force that many of us are yet to fully understand. Every aspect of daily life is being touched upon by automation: from the production of the latest iPhone to machine learning customer service bots. Even something as humble as the milk you add to your morning coffee now has a production cycle that includes automation. Yes, robots are making your milk. This article looks at how robots are now milking cows to produce your milk in this new age of automation.

Where does your milk come from?

Have you ever wondered where your milk comes from? You may be forgiven for thinking that in some lush, green farmland away in the country, dairy cows are being hand milked by milkmaidens in milking parlors. Well, this isn’t the 19th Century anymore and that is not how commercial milk production happens.

Things have changed so dramatically that today, the world’s largest robotic milking dairy factory in Chile milks up to 6,500 cows. The most popular type of dairy cow is the instantly recognizable Holstein Friesian cow, with characteristic back and white coloring.

A type of milking robot named the DeLaval VMS robot can be found on El Risquillo farm and has resulted in reduced costs for the farmer and increased milk production while allowing the cows a greater amount of freedom.

An increase in productivity

The chief executive officer running the Chilean robotic milking farm, Pedro Heller, commented that the benefits to the farm have been remarkable. He asserts a higher production rate of milk, better animal welfare conditions and reduced stress on the animals.

Initially, the farm trialed robotic milking and noticed a 10% production improvement. They then expanded the automation process to further realize greater economic improvements.

What considerations are given to the cows?

While the process of robotic milking and automation delivers economic and production efficiencies, the livestock also benefits. The milking system ties robotic milking with a source of food. The cow will enter a gated compound that automatically dispenses a food treat. While the cow is eating, robotic arms will extend around the cow’s belly and latch onto the teats.

Each time the cow enters the unit, the system scans the cow to gather biological data. This data is used to determine the last time the cow was milked and when the next milking time should be. If the cow has recently given milk, the robot won’t take more milk until the system determines when the cow is next ready to be milked.

For the cow, a positive reward system is set up and entering the milking unit is a positive experience.

How does the robotic milking system work?

The unit consists of a small compound that the cow can freely walk into to access food. Once the cow is inside the unit and settled, a robotic arm, guided by a laser, extends underneath the cow and scans the teats. If the cow is ready to give up more milk, plastic tubes will suction onto the teats and the milking process begins.

Global growth of robotic milking

While Chile currently has the largest robotic milking farm in the world, robotic milking is not confined to this one country. Many farms the world over are adopting automation for the production of milk. The website Dairy Global reports that 22% of Dutch farmers now have a milking robot. Robots can also be found in Japan, Sweden, Germany, Finland, and Australia.

In the United States, robotic milking is expected to double over the next five years.

So the next time you take a sip of milk, think about the robot that may have milked a cow to produce your milk.

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5 Simple Exercises To Help You Lose Your Belly Fat!




Reducing abdominal fat and muscle definition are usually obtained through an active lifestyle. The traditional exercises for these muscles, for example, the abs classics, are not always sufficient for rapid progress. Abdominal exercises performed with the inflatable ball are more effective than traditional abdominal sitting exercises, but it cannot help you lose belly fat extremely fast without adding other exercises. Try the following six simple exercises that will not only help you lose belly fat effectively but impact other important muscles for the abdominal area as well

5 Simple Exercises To Help You Lose Your Belly Fat!

1. Training for the entire trunk

You start with an exercise that helps to work the muscles that are not in sight. Lie on your back and put your hands on your belly just below the navel. Exhale and let all air out of your lungs. Pull your legs up until they are perpendicular to floor. Hold the position for 5 seconds and then pull it down slowly. Repeat this 8-10 times for good results.

2. Navel reversed

Lay on the floor by using elbows supporting you. It is important that the arms are straight and aligned under shoulders. Keep your back straight and butt muscles tense. Pull your body up and hold the position for 10 seconds. Come to your beginning point.

3. Rowing the canoe

If you’re into water sports or kayak or canoe, you probably do not need exercises that help you lose belly. But if you aren’t, then you can mimic that exercise right in your living room. Sit up straight and spread your legs slightly. Keep your hands clasped as if in prayer position, and start “rowing” with them as you would in a canoe, moving your whole torso to the left while lifting the left knee to the right. Do alternating movement on each side with a total of 20 repetitions.

4. Pilates exercise for abdominal muscles

Standing with heels together and feet facing slightly to the outside, put your hands under the chin, with palms in tight fists. Keeping your arms attached to the body as much as possible; start kneeling until you no more. Hold the position for 5 seconds, inhale, then return to the original standing position. All lower abdominal muscles are worked by this exercise.

5. Drill down Crunches

Lie down flat on your back, put your hands behind your head and lift your body slightly to the abdomen. At the same time, raise your legs with your knees at an angle of 90 degrees. Hips remain on the floor. Do 10-12 repetitions.

Stand straight & pull your arms up in sideways. Raise your right knee as high as possible and bring arms forward; curling them like you are giving a hug. Inhale and return to starting position. This exercise is most effective with 20 reps, 10 each leg.

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11 Effective Ways to Defeat Vitiligo




Effective Ways to Defeat Vitiligo

Have you developed spots of vitiligo? Do you find it embarrassing to have vitiligo spots or patches on your skin? Are you looking for effective ways to deal with vitiligo? If you nodded along in agreement, then think no further. Read on to find some most effective ways to deal with vitiligo successfully.

Vitiligo is an auto-immune disease where skin loses some pigments due to the complex mechanism in the body, which is governed by immunological, hormonal, and genetic factors. Vitiligo does not produce any major objective suffering, such as pain, discomfort, or internal damage to any organ. However, the patients of vitiligo are stressed due to the patchy look of their skin, particularly those having brown or dark skin. Here are some outstanding ways to deal with vitiligo effectively.

11 Effective Ways to Successfully Deal With Vitiligo:

1. Avoid Trauma To The Skin: Any injury or abrasion to skin triggers the spread of the disease.

2. Be Happy, De-stressed: Stress, either emotional or physical, has been identified as one of the leading factors that affect the faster progression of this disease. So, stay happy and stress-free. 

3. Follow Dos & Don’ts Of The Diet:


Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your regular diet.


  • Sour foods, such as lemons, oranges, tomatoes ketchup, pickles, raw mango, sour curd, over-fermented foods, and Chinese foods (or foods containing vinegar and soy sauces), should be avoided.
  • Seafood, such as fish, prawns, crabs, lobsters, and shrimps, needs to be completely avoided.
  • We also encourage our patients to avoid non-veg foods and foods with artificial colors and preservatives along with the canned foods for a better recovery.

4. Expose Your Skin To Early Morning Sunlight: Get exposed to the early morning or setting sun for 10-15 minutes daily.

5. Protect Your Skin: Use a good sunscreen if you step out in the sun between 10 am to 4 pm.

6. Drink Water Which Is Stored In Copper Vessels: It is advisable to drink the water which is stored in the copper vessels as minerals from such water will help boost the production of melanin in the skin.

7. Have Vitamin Supplements As Advised: Have an adequate amount of supplements of Vitamin B12 and Vitamin D as per the doctor’s advice.

8. Check Your Thyroid Levels: Increased or decreased thyroid levels have an impact on the spread of vitiligo. So, get your thyroid test done.

9. Use Ginkgo Biloba: The extract of Ginkgo Biloba has been found effective in re-pigmentation of the skin. So, it might help you in dealing with vitiligo.

10. Avoid Topical Application Of Steroids: Avoid using topical steroids for treating the rapid spread of vitiligo.

11. Choose Holistic Treatment: Opt for homoeopathy to deal with vitiligo effectively. Homoeopathy helps in controlling the spread of vitiligo by attempting to correct the immune system & enhancing the natural melanocyte formation. Homoeopathy offers an excellent treatment and a ray of hope to the most cases of vitiligo.

So, if you want to deal with vitiligo effectively and safely, choose homoeopathy treatment for vitiligo without a second thought and follow all the above mentioned helpful tips to have a healthy skin and lead a happy, healthy life.

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